Nepal is an independent country, sandwiched between China in the north and India in the east, west, and south. It is a small country in terms of geography encompassing 147,141 square kilometers; it covers 0.3 percent of the area of Asia and 0.03 percent of the world. But it is heavily bestowed with natural beauty, climate, ethnicity, and biodiversity.
Nepal has diverse geography; 60 meters to 8,848 meters high from sea level all within a distance of 150 kilometers resulting in climatic conditions from sub-tropical to arctic. As geography differences within Nepal, many more cultures are found where people speak different languages and dialects. The world’s highest peak –Mount Everest (Sagarmatha in Nepali) stands as the head of Nepal.
The world’s highest peaks including Mount Everest tower over the terraced foothills sparsely populated by over 36 distinct ethnic groups. Thick forests are a home place of elephants, one-horn rhinos, tigers, and birds of different species. White Water Rivers cascade from their glacial origins high to the Himalayans; a personal Shangri-la awaits every visitor who travels to this enchanted wonderland.
Within this spectacular geography is also one of the richest cultural landscapes anywhere. The country is a collection of ethnic groups and sub-groups that speak over 93 languages and dialects. Nepal offers an astonishing diversity of sightseeing attractions and adventure opportunities found nowhere else on this earth. And you can join the numerous annual festivals of different ethnic groups in different places of Nepal that are celebrated throughout the year in traditional style highlighting enduring customs and beliefs.
Facts About Nepal
World Political Location: South Asia
Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Major Tourism Destinations: Kathmandu, Pokhara, Chitwan, Lumbini, and the Himalayan region.
Passport/Visa Requirements: All nationals except Indians need a passport and visa to visit Nepal (some nationals receive visas on arrival here in Nepal).
Currency: Nepalese Rupees
Language: Nepali (Official) and other languages and dialects
Predominant Religions: Hindu and Buddhist (many other religions can be found)
Political System: Democratic Republic
Telephone Code: +977
Weather: Climate ranges from tropical in the lowlands to the Arctic in higher altitudes