Nepal is an independent country, sandwiched between China in north and India in east, west and south. It is a small country in terms of geography encompassing 147,141 square kilometer; it covers 0.3 percent of area of Asia and 0.03 percent of world. But it is heavily bestowed with natural beauty, climate, ethnicity and biodiversity.
Nepal has diverse geography; 60 meter to 8,848 meter high from sea level all within a distance of 150 kilometers resulting in climatic condition from sub-tropical to arctic. As geography differences within Nepal, many more cultures are found where people speak different languages and dialects. World’s highest peak –Mount Everest (Sagarmatha in Nepali) stands as head of Nepal.
The world’s highest peaks including the Mount Everest tower over the terraced foothills sparsely populated by over 36 distinct ethnic groups. Thick forests are home place of elephants, one horn rhinos, tigers and birds of different species. White Water Rivers cascading from their glacial origins high to the Himalayans; a personal Shangri-la awaits every visitor who travels to this enchanted wonderland.
Within this spectacular geography is also one of the richest cultural landscapes anywhere. The country is a collection of ethnic groups and sub-groups who speak over 93 languages and dialects. Nepal offers an astonishing diversity of sightseeing attractions and adventure opportunities found nowhere else on this earth. And you can join the numerous annual festivals of different ethnic groups in different places of Nepal that are celebrated throughout the year in traditional style highlighting enduring customs and beliefs.
Facts About Nepal
World Political Location: South Asia
Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Major Tourism Destinations: Kathmandu, Pokhara, Chitwan, Lumbini and Himalayan region.
Passport/Visa Requirements: All nationals except Indian need passport and visa to visit Nepal (some nationals receive visa on arrival here in Nepal).
Currency: Nepalese Rupees
Language: Nepali (Official) and other languages and dialects
Predominant Religions: Hindu and Buddhist (many other religions can be found)
Political System: Democratic Republic
Telephone Code: +977
Weather: Climate ranges from tropical in the low lands to Arctic in higher altitudes