Top 5 National Park and Wildlife in Nepal will elaborate on the natural diversity and beauty of this country. Nepal lies in one of the most diverse climatic zones in the world. With merely 150 kilometers north to south span of length we can find a Tropical to Tundra climate. It starts at a 60-meter height in Terai (Low lands) to 8000 meter-the highest point in the world (Mount Everest). Gifted with a great variety of climatic zone, Nepal supports a great diversity of life. From the elusive Royal Bengal Tiger to the exotic Lhophophorus and from the exotic leopard to the endangered one-horned rhino, Nepal prides itself on a wide variety of flora and fauna that is very rare in any geographic condition all over the world.

Below are the top Top 5 National Park and Wildlife in Nepal

Chitwan National Park

Location: Terai Lowlands of South Central Nepal (Subtropical)

Area: Expand over 132 Square Kilometers


Churiya Hills

Reu, Rapti and Narayani River

Wetland and lakes

Dense Sal Forest with grassland.

Mammals have more than 43 species.

More than 430 species of Birds

Animals found: Endangered one-horned rhino, Royal Bengal Tiger, Rhesus Monkey, Langur, Palm Civet, Sloth Beer, barking Deer, Hog Deer, Chital, Gharial Crocodile, Sambar, Pangolin, Monitor Lizard, Python, Gangetic Dolphin, Four Horned Antelope, Striped Hyena, and Wild Elephant, etc.

Birds found: Pea Fowl, Red Jungle Fowl, and different species of Herons, Egrets, King Fishers, Flycatchers, and Wood Peackcors

There occur more than 45 species of Amphibians and Reptile habitats. A few of them are Cobra, Marsh Muggers, various species of Frogs, Tortoise, and Green Pit Viper.

Royal Bardia National Park.

Location: East of Karnali River, in mid-far western Terai

Area: 968 Square Kilometers.


One of the undisturbed and largest protected areas in Nepal.

30% area is covered by grassland and the Sal forest covers 70%.

One of the last remaining land for endangered animals like the Royal Bengal Tiger, Rhinoceros, Wild Elephant, Swamp Deer, Gharial Crocodile Black Buk, Marsh Mugger Crocodile, and Gigantic Dolphin.

Endangered birds are near extinction like Bengal Florican, lesser florican, Sarus Crane, and Sliver-eared Mesia.

Langtang National Park

Location: Central Himalayan, lies 32 kilometers north of Kathmandu, which is the nearest park from Kathmandu.

Area: 1710 Square Kilometers.


Establishment: 1976

1st Himalayan National Park

Extends from Tropical to Tundra Climate.

Various species of Rhododendron, Spruce, Hemlock, Blue Pine, Fir, Maple, Chir Pine, and Oaks.

Provide habitat on 25% of the land like Wild Dog, Red Panda, Pika, Himalayan Black Beer, Musk Deer, Wolf, Jackel, Himalayan Thar, Ghoral, Rhesus Monkey, and Common Langur.

Shey Phokshundo National park

Location: Mountain of Western Nepal

Area: 3555 Square Kilometer


Luxuriant forests include Spruce, Blue Pine, Poplar, Cypress, Deodar, Fir, and Brich.

Near desert-type vegetation of mainly Earagana Shrubs and Juniper in the trans-Himalayan area.

Prime habitat of Blue Sheep and Snow Leopard.

Other Animals: Himalayan Thar, Ghoral, Serow, Jackal, Wolf, Leopard, Himalayan Black Beer, Himalayan Mouse Hare, Langur, Rhesus Monkey.

Rich in many species of birds – Impeyan Pheasant, Yellow-Billed Cough, Jungle Crow, Raven, and snow Partridge, etc.

Rara National Park

Location: 371 kilometers air distance from Kathmandu in North West of Nepal

Area: Extend over 106 Square Kilometers


Elevation ranges up to 4080 meters from 1800 Meters.

Surroundings from Coniferous forest.

Blue Pine has dominated the Lake area. Similarly, West Himalayan Spruce, Black Junipher, Himalayan Cypress, oak, and other associated species.

Deciduous tree species like Indian Horse-Chestnut, Himalayan Poplar, and Wall Nut were also found.

This park provides an ideal habitat for Musk Deer. Other animals including in the park are a leopard, Himalayan Black Beer, Ghoral, Wild Boar, and Himalaya Thar. Etc.

The only fish species located at Rara Lake is Snow Trout.

The common birds comprise Snow Cock, Impleyan Pheasant, Chukar, Partridge, Kalig Pheasant, and Blood Pheasant.

More other famous National Park and Wildlife in Nepal

  • Khaptad National Park

✔ Location: Doti District, Nepal

✔ Area: 225 Square Kilometers

  • Sagarmatha National Park

✔ Location: Solukhumbu District, Nepal

✔ Area: 1,148 Square Kilometers

  • Parsa Wildlife Reserve

✔ Location: Inner Terai Lowlands of South-Central, Nepal

✔ Area: 627 Square Kilometers

  • Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

✔ Location: Inner Terai Lowlands of South-Central, Nepal

✔ Area: 175 Square Kilometers

  • Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve

✔ Location: Mahakali, Nepal

✔ Area: 305 Square Kilometers

  • Makalu Barun National Park

✔ Location: Mahakali, Nepal

✔Area: 1,500 Square Kilometers

  • Annapurna National Park

✔ Location: Jomsom, Mustang District, Nepal

✔ Area: 7,629 Square Kilometers